“A rigorous home-grown diet, mystical jargon, and meditation in a tepee”
“Their hair and dress, their pioneer spirit, even their Indian teepees evoke the nation’s frontier beginnings. These young people were members of a commune, which they created for themselves as a new and radical way of living. Scores of these communes sprung up all across the U.S. In the wilderness areas of the West, Southwest, and New England, the new settlers built their own homes, adobe huts, log cabins, geodesic domes–share their money and labor, and legislate their own laws and taboos.
According to LIFE, the youthful pioneers, unlike the earlier Americans who went into the wilderness to seek their fortunes, were refugees from affluence. Though there have been previous such experiments in the U.S., the communes represented an evolution of the philosophy and life-style of the hippie movement. Most members fled the big cities—New York’s East Village, San Francisco’s Haight-Ashbury—where they were beset by crime, police harassment, squalor, and disillusionment. They sought in the land, and in one another, meaningful work, mutual love and spiritual rebirth. Their religion was rooted in many faiths—among them Christianity, Hinduism, and Zen Buddhism. Some communes permit LSD and marijuana, but many discouraged their use or even banned them. Some take a broad view of sexual morality, but in many communes couples practice traditional American monogamy, and sexual behavior is often surprisingly pristine. Young children, however, are raised by all the adults and by the older children of the commune, which itself was often referred to as “the Family.”
Full article and addional photos here